Other CMS, blog, and wiki applications

CMS and blog applications 

Note: If you know anything about virtual machines (VMs), you can try out a lot of the packages listed below in prebuilt VMS from JumpboxBitnami, or Turnkey Linux. You can also try out lots of different packages online in Windows Azure, Microsoft's cloud-hosting service, or locally by downloading and installing Microsoft's WebMatrix.

See also:

Major open-source applications

Other than Drupal and WordPress (which have their own pages on this site), the major open-source blog and CMS applications are:
  • Joomla (formerly Mambo): A popular alternative to Drupal. Possibly easier to use, but I've read that it performs worse.
  • MovableType: The other major blog platform besides WordPress.
    • MovableType says that its open-source product is "for developers" and directs non-developer bloggers to use the free version of the commercial product, MovableType Pro. Read more about MovableType's different licenses.
  • Plone: Another major open-source CMS. It has a lot of features.
    • But it requires Zope, which is not available at my host, Nearlyfreespeech.net.
    • It's written in Python, not PHP, and according to Idealware, Plone is much harder to set up than (though as easy to use as) WordPress, Joomla, or Drupal, and "even professional technologists are likely to require training to master it."
  • Typo3: Another major CMS, originally developed in a German-speaking country and therefore more popular in Europe.

Less-significant applications, both open- and closed-source

  • CMSMadeSimple: An open-source PHP-based CMS first released in 2004. It won first place in the Packt Publishing 2010 Open Source Awards for CMSes. 
  • Concrete5: An open-source CMS first released in June 2008 but based on code that two guys from Portland have been developing since 2003. It sounds pretty good, but most of the extensions cost money, so this is not likely to end up being free.
  • Contao (formerly TypoLight): A CMS from German developers. Online demo available.
  • DotCMS: A Java-based CMS with both free and commercial versions. Seems to have a decent share of the market.
  • ExpressionEngine (formerly pMachine): A well-reviewed CMS that no longer has free versions. Pro versions cost from $100 to $250 to start, plus extra costs for forum modules, multi-site modules,additional site licenses, and annual subscriptions.
  • ImpressCMS: An open-source PHP-based CMS descended from PHPNuke by way of XOOPS.
  • Impresspages: An open-source PHP-based CMS voted "Most Promising Open Source Project" in the Packt Publishing 2011 Open Source Awards for CMSes.
  • Indexhibit: A barebones system for creating simple art-gallery-type websites. It's basically the product of two guys and is not open source (though it is free).
  • ModX: A PHP-based open-source CMS that won third place in the Packt Publishing 2010 Open Source Awards for CMSes. It seems to have been around since 2007 or so.
  • Mura: a new CMS I know nothing about
  • MojoMotor: A sort of starter version of ExpressionEngine, billed as "The Publishing Engine That Does Less." Costs $50.
  • PHPNuke: A relatively early CMS based on PHP, it seems to have fallen a bit behind. But it is actively maintained still (as of 2012-September).
  • PHPWebsite: A CMS developed from PHPNuke by folks at Appalachian State University.
  • Reason: An open-source CMS developed at Carleton College and aimed at schools. It looks good, but I couldn't figure out how to install it in a shared-hosting environment (it's aimed at people who have their own servers).
  • SilverStripe: From New Zealand, this PHP-based CMS won second place in the Packt Publishing 2010 Open Source Awards for CMSes. 
  • TikiWiki CMS/Groupware : Open-source Swiss-army knife.  The pluses and minuses of this approach are outlined by Marc Laporte, one of the developers .
  • XOOPS: A CMS developed out of PHPNuke that seems to have overtaken it.

Wiki applications

  • DokuWiki: All data is in plaintext files, not in a database.
  • MediaWiki: The software behind Wikipedia. Pretty complex, but I managed to set it up successfully at one point.
    • One of the things I like: "printable version" link. I also like the fact (if it is one) that a plugin is available to turn a wiki into a book. 
    • But I don't know how to theme it (though there is an extension for theming). And it has no WYSIWYG editor.
  • MoinMoin: It's used for the MusicBrainz wiki. No WYSIWYG editor.
  • PHPWiki: Last revision was in 2011-October, but it is actively developed by a few people (it's related to PHPWebsite)
  • PMWiki: Like DokuWiki, data is in plaintext files, not a database.  It has various skins.
  • Twiki: Open-source "structured wiki" that has a commercial fork (cf. Wordpress.org/Wordpress.com). Supported by Sun.
    • Information about themes ("skins") here .
    • Hosted alternative: Twiki.net; as far as I can tell, no free option, and it's pretty expensive (aimed at enterprises)
  • Xwiki: Private French company that releases its wiki software under an open-source license.
    • Also has hosting plans (starting at $29/month; tiny free tier also available).